Land Cover Class

This is a hierarchical code list based on concepts from the Pure Land Cover Component (PLCC) (http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/Data_Specifications/INSPIRE_DataSpecification_LC_v3.0.pdf) and the EAGLE Matrix (http://sia.eionet.europa.eu/EAGLE), which both are implementations of “ISO 19144-2 Geographic information – Classification systems – Part 2: Land Cover Meta Language (LCML)”. See also https://service.projectplace.com/pp/pp.cgi/r986067895. All the concepts in this concept scheme also belong to concept scheme http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/codelist/LandCoverClassValue.

  • Arable land
    • DEF : Land Cover Component strongly characterized by the aspect of land use. Agriculture has always been a category difficult to describe only from a pure land cover point of view as it is characterized by regular alternation of bare soil and crop cover.
    • SN : Cultivated areas with herbaceous crops or temporarily bare soil as a phase in the crop rotation activity. Also perennial herbaceous crops such as hop are included.
  • Artificial surfaces and constructions
    • NT : Residential Area
    • NT : Other artificial surface and construction
    • DEF : All surfaces where landscape has been changed by or is under influence of human construction activities by replacing natural surface with artificial abiotic 2D/3D constructions or artificial materials. Artificial parts of urban and suburban areas, where mankind has settled with permanent settlement infrastructures, also the settlement parts of rural areas. Sealed areas (buildings, other constructions and sealed flat surfaces) and non-sealed areas (no building, artificial and unsealed).
  • Broadleaved forest
    • TT : Forest
    • BT : Forest
    • NT : Deciduous forest
    • NT : Evergreen forest
    • DEF : Broadleaved trees dominate the tree canopy.
    • SN : Areas with sparse tree canopy should be mapped as “Open vegetated areas” or one of its subtypes.
  • Coniferous forest
    • TT : Forest
    • BT : Forest
    • DEF : Coniferous trees, e.g. pine, spruce and larch dominate the tree canopy.
    • SN : Areas with sparse tree canopy should be mapped as “Open vegetated areas” or one of its subtypes. No subdivision is made between “evergreens” (most species) and “deciduous” (e.g. larch). Subtype to “Forest”. Broadleaved trees with cones, such as alder, are not included in the concept “Coniferous trees”.
  • Consolidated surface
  • Deciduous forest
    • TT : Forest
    • BT : Broadleaved forest
    • DEF : Deciduous trees lose all leaves during the winter or dry season. Deciduous broadleaved trees dominate the tree canopy.
    • SN : Areas with sparse tree canopy should be mapped as “Open vegetated areas” or one of its subtypes.
  • Dwarf shrub heath
  • Evergreen forest
    • TT : Forest
    • BT : Broadleaved forest
    • DEF : Evergreen trees keep the most of its leaves during winter or dry season. Evergreen broadleaved trees dominate the tree canopy.
    • SN : Areas with sparse tree canopy should be mapped as “Open vegetated areas” or one of its subtypes.
  • Forest
    • NT : Coniferous forest
    • NT : Broadleaved forest
    • DEF : Areas with a tree canopy as the dominating vegetation element.
    • SN : Other vegetation elements are optional, but are usually present. Succession phases due to loggings or due to forest growth are included. Areas with sparse tree canopy should be mapped as “Open vegetated areas” or one of its subtypes.
  • Grassland
    • TT : Open Vegetated Area
    • BT : Open Vegetated Area
    • DEF : Herbaceous vegetation dominates. Herbaceous vegetation consists of “forbs” and “graminoids” (i.e. grasses and related taxonomic groups). “Forbs” are broad-leaved herbaceous flowering plants that are not graminoids, herbaceous ferns and similar.
  • Inorganic deposits
    • TT : Natural material surface
    • BT : Unconsolidated surface
    • DEF : Complementary to the organic deposit this is the category that contains all kinds of deposits/sediments which result from chemical processes like evaporation of salt water with residuals due to mineral crystalline processes. No differentiation is made between natural and man-made chemical deposits.
    • SN : Salt, lime, gypsum, soda are examples of inorganic deposits, and also Salines. Salines are “man-made” but the evaporation process is natural.
  • Natural material surface
    • NT : Consolidated surface
    • NT : Unconsolidated surface
    • DEF : Any kind of surface material that remains in its natural consistence or form, either with or without anthropogenic influence. Consolidated and unconsolidated surfaces. Includes: unvegetated rocky mountainous regions, sand, quarries and extraction sites, etc.
  • Open Vegetated Area
    • NT : Shrubland
    • NT : Dwarf shrub heath
    • NT : Grassland
    • DEF : Natural or seminatural vegetation without or with a sparse tree canopy (tree coverage). The areas could be extensively used as pastures or for haymaking. The areas could also be open by climate or other natural reasons. Different kinds of mixtures of growth forms are possible, such as shrubs, herbaceous vegetation and lichens/mosses, but a dense tree canopy makes it to a forest instead. The vegetation could also be layered, with dense vegetation inall separate layers.
  • Organic deposits (peat)
    • TT : Natural material surface
    • BT : Unconsolidated surface
    • DEF : Accumulated partially decayed vegetation material formed in wetland conditions, where lack of oxygen slows down decomposition rate.
    • SN : Accumulated partially decayed vegetation material: mostly Spagnum moss, other mosses, leaves, reeds etc.
  • Other artificial surface and construction
    • TT : Artificial surfaces and constructions
    • BT : Artificial surfaces and constructions
    • DEF : Areas defined by absence of the original (semi-) natural cover or water surface, e.g. industrial areas like aerodrome area, port area, road and railway areas included as well as extraction sites and dump sites. Residential areas are excluded.
    • SN : Details about infrastructure and constructions are handled by the “Building” and “Transport” themes.
  • Other fruit and berry plantations
    • TT : Permanent woody crops
    • BT : Permanent woody crops
    • SN : The class includes any type of woody fruit or berry plantation, except citrus, grape, nut or olive. E.g. apple, pear, cherry, currant, black currant, goose berry etc.
  • Other woody non-food crops
  • Permanent snow and ice
    • DEF : Snow cover that persists throughout the year, above the climatic snow line. + Persistent ice cover formed by accumulation of snow.
    • SN : Permanent solid water is mapped in the Land Cover theme. According to INSPIRE are water bodies, wetlands and shores handled by the themes Hydrography and Sea Regions.
  • Permanent woody crops
  • Residential Area
    • TT : Artificial surfaces and constructions
    • BT : Artificial surfaces and constructions
    • DEF : Areas used dominantly for housing of people. The forms of housing vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. These areas include single family housing, multi-family residential, or mobile homes in cities, towns and rural districts if they are not linked to primary production. It permits high density land use and low density uses. This class also includes residential areas mixed with other non-conflicting uses and other residential areas (e.g. temporarily used areas).
    • SN : Details about buildings, are handled by the “Building” theme.
  • Shrubland
    • TT : Open Vegetated Area
    • BT : Open Vegetated Area
    • DEF : Bushes/shrubs are dominating. Other vegetation elements mostly occur, but are optional. If trees are present, the tree canopy density should be sparse.
  • Unconsolidated surface